Since Windows 7, you must choose a network location when you connect to a network for the first time, either Home, Work, or Public. This automatically sets the appropriate firewall and security settings for the types of the network that you connect to. Pick the right location when connecting to a network to ensure that your computer is always set to an appropriate security level.
Windows 10 New Feature: Controlled Windows 10 New Feature: Controlled Folder Access to Protect Your Data from RansomwareFolder Access to Protect Your Data from Ransomware
To better protect your valuable data from malicious apps and threats like Ransomware, Microsoft introduces a new feature called Controlled folder access in the upcoming Windows 10 Falls Creators Update. When enabled, it monitors the changes that apps make to the files in certain protected folders and sends you a notification when a blacklisted app is trying to make a change to these files.